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Age Group
Who we are

An inquiry into the nature of the self; beliefs and values; personal, physical, mental, social and spiritual health; human relationships including families, friends, communities, and cultures; rights and responsibilities; what it means to be human.
Where we are in place and time
An inquiry into orientation in place and time; personal histories; homes and journeys; the discoveries, explorations and migrations of humankind; the relationships between and the interconnectedness of individuals and civilizations, from local and global perspectives.
How we express ourselves
An inquiry into the ways in which we discover and express ideas, feelings, nature, culture, beliefs and values; the ways in which we reflect on, extend and enjoy our creativity; our appreciation of the aesthetic.
How the world works
An inquiry into the natural world and its laws; the interaction between the natural world (physical and biological) and human societies; how humans use their understanding of scientific principles; the impact of scientific and technological advances on society and on the environment.
How we organize ourselves
An inquiry into the interconnectedness of human-made systems and communities; the structure and function of organizations; societal decision-making; economic activities and their impact on humankind and the environment.
Sharing the planet

An inquiry into rights and responsibilities in the struggle to share finite resources with other people and with other living things; communities and the relationships within and between them; access to equal opportunities; peace and conflict resolution.
3 – 4
Central Idea: Awareness of our characteristics, abilities, and interests informs our learning and development.

Lines of Inquiry:
  • Physical and emotional characteristics
  • What actions we can do
  • How we grow and change
  • Personal abilities and interests
Key Concepts:form, change, reflection
Related Concepts: body, characteristics, similarities, differences, growth
No unit taught under this theme for this age group
Central Idea: We express our feelings and ideas in different ways.

Lines of Inquiry:
  • Different forms of expression
  • How stories and rhymes help us express ideas and feelings
  • Playing different roles within stories and rhymes

Key Concepts:form, connection, perspective
Related Concepts: feelings, expression, communication
No unit taught under this theme for this age group
Central Idea: Schools are organized to help us learn and grow together.

Lines of Inquiry:
  • Ways we organize our belongings at school
  • The people in our school and the jobs they do
  • Why we come to school

Key Concepts: form, function, causation
Related Concepts: school, rules. routines
Central Idea: Animals and people interact in different ways in different contexts.

Lines of Inquiry:
  • The different roles animals play in people’s lives.
  • Suitability of particular animals for specific functions
  • Our responsibility for the well-being of animals

Key Concepts:connection, perspective responsibility
Related Concepts: animals, needs, interaction
4 – 5
Central Idea: Our bodies help us understand the world around us.

Lines of Inquiry:
  • What our body parts are
  • How our body helps us understand the world around us
  • How the malfunctioning of body parts affects us
Key Concepts:function, connection, responsibility Related Concepts: world, senses
No unit taught under this theme for this age group
Central Idea: Artists around the world show their creativity and imagination through their artworks.

Lines of Inquiry:
  • Different techniques used by artists
  • Analysis of different artworks
  • Using our imagination and creativity in our artworks
Key Concepts:form, perspective, reflection
Related Concepts: imagination, style, tools, materials
Central Idea: Light can be reflected and manipulated to create images and shadows.

Lines of Inquiry:
  • Sources of light and reflected light
  • How shadows are created
  • How different kinds of materials reflect light differently
  • How light can be manipulated
Key Concepts: change, connection, causation
Related Concepts: shadows, reflection, light
Central Idea: Many products go through a process of change before they are consumed or used.

Lines of Inquiry:
  • Origins of products
  • Changes products go through
  • Distribution of products
  • How people select the products they use
Key Concepts: change, connection, responsibility
Related Concepts: components, process, choice
No unit taught under this theme for this age group
5 – 6
Central Idea: Relationships with family and friends contribute to shaping our identity.

Lines of Inquiry:
  • How families are similar and different
  • How we make and keep friends
  • How families and friends help shape our identity

Key Concepts:form, reflection, responsibility
Related Concepts:similarities, differences, belonging, identity
Central Idea: Different people experience our community space in different ways.

Lines of Inquiry:
  • What community looks like
  • How people live in the community
  • How people and the community benefit from each other
Key Concepts:form, function, connection
Related Concepts:community, space, behavior
Central Idea: People choose to communicate their feelings in different ways.

Lines of Inquiry:
  • Different feelings
  • What causes us to feel different ways
  • Ways to communicate feelings

Key Concepts:form, perspective, connection
Related Concepts: feelings, expression, communication, choice
Central Idea: All living things go through a process of change.

Lines of Inquiry:
  • Patterns of growth
  • How living things change over their lifetime
  • Factors that can influence life cycles

Key Concepts: connection, change, causation
Related Concepts:cycles, transformation, organisms, similarities, differences
Central Idea: Organizing celebrations requires planning, cooperation and creativity.

Lines of Inquiry:
  • What a celebration is
  • How a celebration is organized
  • Impact of planning on the success of celebrations

Key Concepts: form, reflection, connection Related Concepts: celebration, opinion, planning
Central Idea: People explore the use of water in our daily routine.

Lines of Inquiry:
  • The water cycle
  • How water is used
  • What happens to water after we have used it
  • Actions that benefit or harm water

Key Concepts:function, change, responsibility
Related Concepts:values, roles
BE 1
6 – 7
Central Idea: The choices people make affect their health and well-being.

Lines of Inquiry:
  • What it means to have a balanced lifestyle
  • How the choices we make affect our health
  • Different sources of information that help us make choice

Key Concepts:causation, responsibility, reflection
Related Concepts:choice, influence,
balance, well being
Central Idea: Time and place affect the types of homes we live in.

Lines of Inquiry:
  • Structures and types of homes around the world
  • How time and place affect homes
  • Past and present homes in the host country

Key Concepts:form, change, connection
Related Concepts:homes, design, technology
Central Idea: Stories can engage their audience and communicate meaning.

Lines of Inquiry:
• How to construct an effective story
• What stories can convey
• How stories are created and shared

Key Concepts:form, connection, perspective
Related Concepts:communication, expression, sequence
Central Idea: The Earth’s natural cycles influence the activity of living things.

Lines of Inquiry:
  • Natural cycles (eg: night and day, weather patterns, seasons)
  • The actions living things take in response to earth’s natural cycles
  • Patterns of behavior in living things related to earth’s natural cycles
Key Concepts: causation, connection, change
Related Concepts:cycles, interaction, pattern
Central Idea: Different systems in the community help us stay organized.

Lines of Inquiry:
  • Types of systems
  • How various systems function
  • How systems help us stay organized

Key Concepts: form, function, connection Related Concepts: systems, communication, transportation
Central Idea: Plants sustain life on Earth and play a role in our lives.

Lines of Inquiry:
  • Caring for plants
  • Products we derive from plants
  • How plants contribute to life on Earth

Key Concepts:causation, responsibility, perspective
Related Concepts:interdependence, appreciation
BE 2
7 - 8
Central Idea: Being aware of ourselves allows us to stay safe.

Lines of Inquiry:
  • Safety from dangers
  • How we stay safe
  • Why we should stay safe

Key Concepts:causation, reflection, responsibility
Related Concepts: safety, danger, communication,
Central Idea: Learning about previous generations helps us understand the relationship between the past and the present.

Lines of Inquiry:
  • Ways to find out about the past
  • Impact of aspects of the past on today
  • How aspects of the past have changed

Key Concepts:reflection, connection, change
Related Concepts: time, discovery, continuity, impact
Central Idea: Every culture has stories to tell.

Lines of Inquiry:
  • What makes a culture
  • Different ways of expressing cultural stories
  • What cultural stories convey
  • Sharing cultural stories with future generation

Key Concepts:form, perspective, reflection
Related Concepts: culture, creativity, expression
Central Idea: The world around us is composed of matter which can go through various changes.

Lines of Inquiry:
  • States and properties of matter
  • How and why matter changes states
  • How chemical and physical reactions affect matter over time

Key Concepts: form, change, causation
Related Concepts: matter, states, changes of states, chemical and physical changes
Central Idea: In a workplace people share responsibility towards a common purpose.

Lines of Inquiry:
  • Function of a workplace
  • Interconnectedness of people in a workplace
  • Importance of a common purpose

Key Concepts: function, causation, connection
Related Concepts: workplace, role, cooperation
Central Idea: Animals have unique characteristics that enable them to interact with the habitats they live in.

Lines of Inquiry:
  • How animals are classified
  • Characteristics of animals
  • How animals adapt to their habitats

Key Concepts:form, connection
Related Concepts: classification, similarities, differences, adaptation
BE 3
8 – 9
Central Idea: The effective interactions between human body systems contribute to health and survival.

Lines of Inquiry:
  • Body systems and how they work
  • How body systems are interdependent
  • Impact of lifestyle choices on the body

Key Concepts:function, connection, responsibility Related Concepts: system, interdependence, health, choice
Central Idea: Understanding the characteristics of the place we come from enables us to reveal our identity and explore other places.

Lines of Inquiry:
  • The structure of the place we come from
  • The connection between cultures and traditions to the identity of a country
  • Recognizing diversities between cultures
Key Concepts:form, connection, reflection Related Concepts: geography, identity, heritage, diversity
Central Idea: People use poetry to express themselves.

Lines of Inquiry:
  • Different types of poetry
  • How poetry is created
  • What poetry expresses

Key Concepts:form, function, perspective

Related Concepts: creativity, enjoyment, expression
Central Idea: The Earth and its atmosphere are surrounded by space and are part of a vast and complex universe.

Lines of Inquiry:
  • What makes the universe
  • The uniqueness of Earth
  • The relationship between the earth and the solar system

Key Concepts: form, connection, perspective Related Concepts: universe, solar system, earth, planets
Central Idea: Humans continually invent things to improve life and change living conditions.

Lines of Inquiry:
  • Why humans invent
  • How humans invent
  • The impacts inventions have on our lives

Key Concepts: form, causation, change
Related Concepts: inventions, innovation
Central Idea: People interact with and value the natural environment in different ways.

Lines of Inquiry:
  • The earth’s resources
  • Actions that harm the environment
  • Our responsibility towards the environment

Key Concepts:form, reflection, responsibility
Related Concepts: resources, environment, pollution
BE 4
9 - 10
Central Idea: Understanding different ways of learning enables people to respond to their learning needs and to those of others.

Lines of Inquiry:
  • The form and function of the brain
  • Different learning styles
  • How different learning styles impact the way we learn

Key Concepts: form, function, reflection
Related Concepts: learning, thinking, intelligence
Central Idea: Journeys create change and can lead to new opportunities.

Lines of Inquiry:
  • Types of journeys people make
  • Choices and decisions involved in making a journey
  • Change experienced because of a journey

Key Concepts: form, perspective, change
Related Concepts:settlements, journeys, migration, choice
Central Idea: People use symbols to communicate.

Lines of Inquiry:
  • Symbolism
  • Why people use symbolism
  • How specific groups use symbolism

Key Concepts:form, causation, perspective
Related Concepts: opinion, structure, subjectivity
Central Idea: Forces around us have impacts on our daily lives.

Lines of Inquiry:
  • Types of forces around us
  • How forces work
  • The impact of forces on our daily lives

Key Concepts: form, function, connection Related Concepts: gravity, forces, motion
Central Idea: Economic activity relies on systems of production, exchange and consumption of goods and services.

Lines of Inquiry:
  • The role of supply and demand
  • The distribution of goods and services
  • Our responsibility as consumers

Key Concepts: function, connection, responsibility
Related Concepts: economy, production, consumption, trade
Central Idea: Our planet relies on a series of ecosystems to maintain life of every form.

Lines of Inquiry:
  • Different types of ecosystems
  • How ecosystems function
  • Impacts human beings have on ecosystems

Key Concepts:form, function, reflection
Related Concepts: ecosystem, biodiversity, conservation
BE 5
10 - 11
Central Idea: Changes people experience at different stages of their lives affect their evolving sense of self.

Lines of Inquiry:
• The physical, social, emotional and intellectual changes that occur throughout life
• Factors that contribute to well-being during adolescence
• How relationships contribute to our self concept
Key Concepts:function, change, responsibility
Related Concepts: maturity, self-image, wellbeing
Central Idea: Exploration leads to discoveries, opportunities and new understandings.

Lines of Inquiry:
  • Reasons for explorations
  • How explorations have taken place over time
  • The consequences of exploration

Key Concepts:causation, perspective, reflection
Related Concepts: impact, navigation, space exploration
Central Idea: Authors use different genres of literature to communicate universal themes.

Lines of Inquiry:
  • Various literature genres
  • What makes a theme universal
  • How themes found in literature influence readers

Key Concepts:form, perspective, connection
Related Concepts: literature, moral, communication
Central Idea: Energy may be converted, transformed and used to support human progress.

Lines of Inquiry:
  • Different forms of energy sources
  • How energy is used
  • Sustainable energy practices

Key Concepts: form, function, connection Related Concepts: energy, conservation, transformation
Central Idea: Certain factors make services successful in a community.

Lines of Inquiry:
  • The needs and wants of a community
  • Services in a community
  • Roles and responsibilities within a community
Factors that define successful services

Key Concepts: form, function, responsibility
Related Concepts: services, roles, responsibilities, needs, wants